Second Sunday After Epiphany 2018

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A Sermon for The Second Sunday after the Epiphany, January 14, 2018

The Epistle, Romans 12:6-16 – The Gospel, St. Mark 1:1-11

The Rt. Rev’d Stephen C. Scarlett

  1. The Baptism of Jesus and our baptism

The lessons for Epiphany 2 combine the baptism of Jesus with a discussion of spiritual gifts. The two themes are connected because the Holy Spirit who descended upon Jesus in his baptism is the same Spirit we receive in our baptisms. As we receive the gift of the Spirit, we receive gifts of the Spirit.

The baptism of Jesus reveals God as Trinity. The Father’s speaks; the Spirit descends as a dove; the Son stands in the water. Three persons who together are one God. “As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end Amen.” The western church is indebted to St. Augustine for its understanding of the Trinity as love. Augustine said that there is a lover, a beloved and love itself. The Father loves the Son, the Son loves the Father, and the Holy Spirit is the love that flows between them and out from them into the world in creative activity. God is love because he a loving relationship.

We know love because we are grafted into the Holy Trinity through our baptism. The Spirit descends upon us, and the Father adopts us as his beloved children. As Romans 8:15, “You received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father” (Rom. 8:15).

  1. The source of our giftedness

When we receive the gift of the Holy Spirit, we also receive “gifts” if the Holy Spirit. When we receive the general gift of love from God (Romans 5:5) we also receive specific ways to love. As our epistle says:

Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us… if prophecy, let us prophesy in proportion to our faith; or ministry, let us use it in our ministering; he who teaches, in teaching; he who exhorts, in exhortation; he who gives, with liberality; he who leads, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness” (Rom. 12:6-8).

These gifts are rooted in the reality of the Holy Trinity and love. God is love, and God created the world with the motivation of love. The love of the Father for the Son and the Son for the Father naturally overflows into creative activity. Love cannot be contained by the lovers; Love leads to gifts because the lovers will want to share what they have.

We believe that God is complete in himself in his Trinitarian love. He did not have to create the world. He was not lonely. Rather, he created the world to share his love with it. However, there is a sense in which God had to create. For love must move beyond itself into loving activity. Love doesn’t strictly need the other; love is not a hole that must be filled. But love is a fullness that must be shared. It overflows. Love makes the creation necessary.

III. Our experience of God’s love.

Romans 5:5 says, that the love of God has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. Our experience of prayer is an experience of Trinitarian love. God made us to share his love with us, and he loves that we exist.

This gift of love first comes to us in baptism. Sin separates us from God, but God so loved that world that he gave his Son to redeem it and renew it. When we turn from our sin and towards God, God adopts us as his children. He brings us out of our separation from God, which is death, and brings us back into union with him, into life. As Ephesians says,

But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus (Eph. 2:4-6).

In the Eucharist we renew the experience of our baptism. As we come to receive Christ again with repentance and faith, we experience again the forgiveness of our sins, and we are filled again with the Spirit. We are loved, not because of anything we have done, but because God is love, and he chooses to love us.

God’s love naturally flows out into creative activity. Likewise, our experience of God’s love will naturally result in a desire to give. All that we do in the Christian life is simply our feeble response of gratitude and love to the gratuitous gift of love from God. If we understand and experience the love of God, we will not need a sign-up sheet or a guilt laden appeal to get us to give. If we have been filled with God’s love, we will love.

  1. Our spiritual gifts

Your spiritual gifts are the natural form that love will take. Do you have a gift for understanding and proclaiming the will of God in particular situations? Do you have the gift of service, to do things for people without needing to be seen or recognized? Do you have the gift of teaching, of helping others see and know what you see and know? Do you have a gift for encouraging those—being a sign for them of God’s love? Do you have a gift of leadership that can bring a group together in unity to pursue a common goal in peace? Do you have the gift of giving so that you are able to provide resources that for the church and for those in need? Do you have the gift of being merciful to those in need?

Something is a gift when we can give to others, and they feel edified by it, and we do not need anything in return. Spiritual gifts are not a need to be needed. They are not what the church guilts you into doing. They are the ways that you can love others as God has loved you. Ministry will reflect God’s love if we each devote ourselves to serving in the areas of our giftedness—and if we learn to say no in areas where we have no gifts.

The use of our spiritual gifts is not limited to our time on the church property. We are the children of God who bear witness to God’s love wherever we are by the way we love and serve. “The ministry of the church” is the sum of all the things that each of us does for others, at home, at work, and at play because we are the children of God.

The key is always the motive. As 1 Corinthians says,

Though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, but have not love, it profits me nothing (1 Cor. 13:2-3).

This is the reason that the proper exercise of our spiritual gifts depends upon the consistency of our prayer. Our ability to love depends upon our ongoing experience of love. We must continually return to the scene of baptism—which is the pattern for all prayer. We must hear again the voice of the Father claiming us as his children; we must experience again the descent of the dove and the grace of forgiveness and cleansing so that our hearts cry, “Abba Father.” Only after we taste the love that comes from God are we able to share that love with others. And once we have tasted the love that comes from God, we will be compelled to share his love with others. As St. John writes,

In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins. Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another (1 Jn. 4:10-11).